Picture taken in Kerala, India (2006).

This month’s Jihva for Ingredients, started by Indira of Mahanandi a year ago, is dedicated to this glorious Indian fruit. The response to Jihva has been very heartfelt and enthusiastic. This event embodies the essence and uniqueness of one of the world’s great culinary traditions.

We are honoured to be able to host this event as it enters its second year. We wish to thank Indira for this opportunity. We hope this level of participation continues in the years to come.

The jackfruit is indigenous to India, but spread early throughout Southeast Asia, and now grows in Africa and Latin America as well. In Kerala, even the smallest home on the tiniest plot of land is likely to have a jackfruit tree alongside the mandatory coconut and mango.

The jackfruit tree is unique for several reasons. It bears the is largest tree-borne fruit in the world. A single fruit can weigh as much as 36 kilograms and be a meter long and 75 centimeters in diameter. This giant fruit is related to the tiny mulberry, and is a cousin of the breadfruit. All about the jackfruit here.

To bear this weight, the flowers and fruits of jackfruit do not grow on branches. They grow directly on the tree forks or tree trunks, sometimes even on the lower part of the trunks.

Jackfruit wood is used to build furniture, guitars and artefacts, while the sticky sap is used as glue.

We, in India, relish the fruit green, cooked in various forms, as well as ripe. The fruit has a creamy sweetness with notes of pineapple and banana. The seeds, with their nutty taste and texture, are considered a real delicacy. High in Vitamin C and manganese, the jackfruit is a source of nourishment to many communities around the world. Nutrition Data.

Jackfruit has always been an integral part of Indian horticulture and cuisine. As explained here,

The jackfruit has played a significant role in the Indian agriculture (and culture) from times immemorial. Archeological findings in India have revealed that jackfruit was cultivated in India 3000 to 6000 years ago. Findings also indicate that Indian Emperor Ashoka the Great (274 – 237 BC) encouraged arbori-horticulture of various fruits including jackfruit. Varahamihira, the famous Indian astronomer, mathemetician, and astrologer wrote a chapter on the treatment of trees in his Brhat Samhita. One of the highlights of his treatise is a specific reference on grafting to be done on trees such as jackfruit. A method of grafting described was what is known today as ‘wedge grafting’.

The Portuguese, who first arived in Kerala in the late 1400s, helped add many words to the Malayalam lexicon, like ‘naranga‘ (for citrus fruit, from the Portuguese ‘naranja‘ ), and ‘karamboo’ (cloves). The Malayalees, in turn, contributed many culinary terms to European languages. The word ‘jackfruit’ comes from the Portuguese ‘jaca‘, which came from the Malayalam word ‘chakka‘.

Other names for the fruit: Panasam (Sanskrit), Fanas (Marathi), Panasa (Telugu/Oriya), Halasina Hannu (Kannada), Gujje (Tulu), Kathal (Hindi/Bengali, Punjabi), Palaapazham (Tamil). Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh and Indonesia.

Jackfruit can be found fresh at Thai or South-East Asian grocers. Ripe and green jackfruit are easily available in the canned form in South Asian and South East Asian stores.

To participate in this event:

1. Prepare a dish with this ingredient, and post it on your blog in the month of May. The choice of recipe is not restricted to Indian cuisine.

2. Please link to this event announcement, and feel free to use this logo:

3. Please send us an e-mail notifying us of your entry at jugalbandee@gmail.com

Please use “JFI” to denote the subject matter.

4. If you do have a picture, please enclose it in 450 x 225 pixel size with your e-mail.

5. If you are a non-blogger, please send your recipe and picture with your e-mail.

6. The deadline for this event is June 1, 2007. The round-up will be posted by June 3.

We look forward to your creative contributions.

- Jai and Bee

Update (June 3, 2007): ROUNDUP HERE.

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  1. Seena says:

    Dear Bee,
    Thanks for adding me in your blog roll..plan to participate in your jack fruit event..what a nice blog you have!pictures are informative..

  2. [...] Panasapattu/Raw jackfruit curry This is my entry for JFI Jackfruit hosted by Jai and Bee [...]

  3. G says:

    Jackfruit, must be a relative to the breadfruit or…? Is breadfruit common food in India?

    yes…they are cousins. bread fruit is eaten a lot in kerala and some parts of tamil nadu (jackfruit is called chakka and breadfruit is called kadachakka)

  4. [...] to Nupur’s A-Z Indian vegetables, P, RCI -Andhra Cuisine for Latha’s Masala Magic and Jugalbandi’s Jihva for Ingredients- [...]

  5. [...] This is my entry for JFI Jackfruit hosted by Bee [...]

  6. viji says:

    Good choice!!!Count me in…….:-)

  7. [...] my contribution to JFI (the other)Jack fruit for the wonderful duo J and B of Jugalbandhi! [...]

  8. [...] 25th, 2007 at 4:43 pm (Roti/Paratha/Chappathi, Tamilnadu Cuisine) When I read about Jihva for Ingredients – Jackfruit for this month I really really wanted to post a recipe as I am a blogger since  a month but a [...]

  9. [...] honey colored preserves is my entry for this month’s Jihva for Ingredients hosted by Jai and [...]

  10. [...] first is an entry for Jihva for Jackfruit by our reader, Karthik Chandan, from Toronto, [...]

  11. [...] jackfruit –eat the yellow fleshy bulbs and the boiled Athalya. Hence I am eagerly waiting for JFI-Jackfruit roundup,till jackfruits are in season- so that I can try out those delicious [...]

  12. [...] In honor of Jihva for Ingredients: June of 2007: Jackfruit, hosted by Bee and Jai of Jugalbandi, I have constructed a special kaeng khiew wan: I have paired [...]

  13. [...] Jihva for Jackfruit, hosted by very talented Bee of Jugalbandi! Thanks for having us, [...]

  14. [...] awesome blogger-duo Jai Bee are hosting JFI for June with Jackfruit (JJJ).  Honestly, I am not a big fan of Jackfruit. But just to participate in JFI:Jackfruit, I cooked [...]

  15. [...] It doesnt seem to be so, as I discovered during my tryst with this month’s JFI !!! And thats when I found out that God also loves these events and waits for the round-up ( I think [...]

  16. [...] is my second entry for JFI:Jackfruit hosted by the love duo Jai and Bee of Jugalbandi.  I can’t wait for their round-up [...]

  17. [...] we chose Jackfruit as the ingredient for Jihva for Ingredients – June, we went with gut feel and were not really sure how it would turn out. The initial set of comments [...]

  18. [...] entry for Jihva for Ingredients – Jackfruit. [...]

  19. [...] entry for Jihva for Ingredients – Jackfruit. food Jackfruit jackfruit boats in honey PHOTO ESSAYS RECIPES food, Jackfruit, jackfruit boats in [...]

  20. [...] entry for Jihva for Ingredients – Jackfruit. food Jackfruit jackfruit seeds PHOTO ESSAYS RECIPES roasted food, Jackfruit, jackfruit seeds, [...]

  21. [...] entry for Jihva for Ingredients – Jackfruit. [...]

  22. Raaga says:

    Bought Kathal just yesterday… missed this event :)

  23. [...] jackFRUIT is not a [...]

  24. Chirleia says:

    I need to know where I can buy the actual jack fruit to my self, please anybody?! I have been looking for this fruit oh! for 20 years now. Please e-mail me at mozely@hotmail.com pleeease!!!
    Thank anyone.

  25. [...] This is my entry for JFI for this month hosted by jugalbandi. [...]

  26. [...] Jai and Bee announced jackfruit as the ingredient for this months JFI,I was at first startled at their choice.But then I was also happy that this months JFI is going to [...]

  27. [...] month JFI has Jackfruit as the star and it is hosted by Jai and Bee. I love jackfruit, obvious isn’t it… I especially love the green, unripe kind as a [...]

  28. Luciana says:


    I’m from Brazil living in Louisiana, I expecting and I just cant stop thinking about jackfruit! After some google hours I found/ordered from the site above.

    It’s not the fresh deal as I used to have but at this point I’ll take anything!

  29. [...] This is my entry for JFI for this month hosted by jugalbandi. [...]

  30. Chirleia says:

    Please,Please, Please, I live in Boston Mass, USA; does anybody know where I can find fresh jack fruit? I have been searching for this fruit for 20 years now. Please anyone email me at: mozely@hotmail.com and let me know where to buy it? Thank you so much and God Bless!

  31. [...] More information about jackfruit from Jai and Bee. [...]

  32. jack fruit says:

    [...] of Mahanandi a year ago, is dedicated to this glorious Indian fruit. The response to Jihva has been.http://jugalbandi.info/2007/05/jihva-for-ingredients-jackfruit/jackfruit definition of jackfruit in the Free Online Encyclopedia.Encyclopedia article about [...]

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